How To Tune A Guitar
The guitar is one of the instruments that make some of the best melodies, but that is not possible if the guitar is not in tune, at the least in tune to itself. There are three ways to approach guitar tuning. One by using a reference tone, the reference tone is usually from the piano.
A piano doesn’t get out of tone hence offers the best reference tone. The second method is by using an application on your smart phone, and tune to match the notes of the smartphone’s application.
The above two methods are useful for beginners, if you cannot already tell out the notes well. To become a real rock star, you have to be sharp when it comes to learning tones, and then you can use the third tuning method. It is the most incredible of them all. It makes you feel, and indeed be a real rock star. It involves tuning using the sixth string’s tone as the reference; the sixth string is the thickest string, E.
If you are not yet that good at tuning the sixth string without reference feel free to use a tuner, the tuning app, or the piano as references. Practice will make you a pro with time. Now let’s get to the actual tuning. We will be starting from the sixth string, which is the thickest to the first which is the thinnest. One thing to note, loosening the string makes the pitch low, tightening, on the other hand, make for higher pitch.
a. Sixth, E string
You will be using this string to tune the fifth string. Later, we will see how to use the fifth to tune the fourth and so on. So, you ought to tune this string just right. If having trouble feel free to use the reference a piano, use a tuner, or the tuning app.
Fifth, A string
Hold down the sixth, E string, on the fifth fret and pick. The resulting note is the A note. Your aim is to harmonize the open note of the A string with the A note of the E string. When the two strings harmonize, then you have successfully tuned the A string.
Fourth, D string
Tuning the, D string, involves holding down the, A string, down on the fifth fret, picking the D string gives the D note. Pluck the two strings each at a time, while adjusting the fourth string to harmonize the fourth string. When they match, proceed to tune the third, G string.
Third, G string
Now hold down the fourth, D string at the fifth fret and pluck, it will produce a D note. Similarly, adjust the tension of the third string until its note matches the D note of the fourth string.
Second, B string
Hold down the G string on the fifth fret using the index finger. At this point I am hoping you can see the trend, if not, I will tell you about it in a moment. Pluck the G string and second, B string until they are in harmony.
First, e string
Usually denoted as E, for our purpose we will use e, after all, it is the thinnest. Hold the second string down at the fifth fret. Pick the first and second strings alternatively until they match, and you are done tuning your guitar!
Hope you note how we are holding down the strings on the fifth fret? Then matching the tone of the immediate thinner string to the tone of the string we are holding down. As easy as that and you are good to roll and rock. Now you can tune your guitar anytime, anywhere. This standard guitar tuning method is the most convenient.